At Graystone we helps clients buy, register, finance and structure the operations of business and commercial aircraft worldwide. We offer fully integrated representation in all types of aviation transactions, including purchase, sale, leasing, financing and insuring, as well as bankruptcy and insolvency matters. In addition to assisting with the commercial, legal and tax issues that typically arise in financial transactions in the aviation industry, our attorneys develop innovative structures involving true leases, loan securitization, enhanced equipment trust certificates, pooled aircraft securitizations, asset preservation, credit enhancement and residual value support.
We represent clients in administrative and regulatory matters before the Federal Aviation Administration and the Department of Transportation, including applications for charter and other extra-bilateral authority, and we advise Part 135 operators on compliance issues. Graystone attorneys have acted on behalf of clients in commercial litigation in the aviation industry involving maintenance, parts distribution and other related business issues. Our attorneys are recognized for their ability to resolve international disputes economically with positive results for clients.
Our team also provides counsel on the environmental regulatory and legislative matters affecting the aviation industry. We work with our Environmental and Workplace Safety attorneys to address climate legislation related to greenhouse gas emissions from aircraft engines and manufacturing facilities. Drawing on deep and diverse industry experience, our Aviation team acts as trusted advisors to clients, offering an interdisciplinary approach to meeting their unique business, regulatory and litigation challenges.
Graystone Solicitors is a recognized market leader in representing financial institutions including commercial banks and other lending institutions, bank and financial holding companies, money center banks, investment funds, investment banks, broker-dealers, futures commission merchants, savings associations, insurance companies, credit unions, and trust companies and their respective parent holding companies in all aspects of their businesses. Our attorneys have extensive experience in a variety of industries, including energy, real estate, health care, gaming, hospitality, aviation, manufacturing and agriculture, among others.
Graystone's experienced finance, regulatory, insolvency, real estate, tax and litigation attorneys work together to support the business needs of our financial institution clients Nationwide. Our Commercial Finance practice represents banks, investment funds, finance companies and other financial institutions providing debt capital in a wide variety of financing transactions, including leveraged buyouts (LBOs), acquisition and growth financing, refinancings, cross-border transactions, restructurings, debt conversions, and recapitalizations. Our Real Estate Finance and Lending team is accustomed to dealing with the complex financing structures in real estate transactions and creatively orchestrating the best outcomes for our clients. Our Insolvency and Restructuring practice represents domestic and international banks and other financial institutions in their capacity as administrative agent in connection with the restructure of large syndicated loans, "club" and middle-market loans, and individual lenders in bilateral credit transactions and debtor-in-possession financing. We also represent indenture trustees in corporate trust default administration in workouts, bankruptcy proceedings and related litigation.
Our Financial Services attorneys advise financial institutions, exchanges, market intermediaries, asset managers and proprietary trading firms on regulatory, tax, corporate and compliance matters. We assist in structuring, negotiating and documenting both structured investments as well as the full range of exchange-traded and over-the-counter (OTC) derivatives transactions. Our attorneys guide clients through all aspects of regulatory compliance and provide comprehensive representation in investigations and enforcement actions brought by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), Department of Justice (DOJ), Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC), Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA), Federal Reserve, Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC), Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC), state regulators, and securities and futures exchanges. In addition, we counsel both first-time and well-established sponsors in the formation of funds in a variety of sectors of the fund industry, including hedge funds, venture funds, LBO funds, mezzanine funds, real estate funds, commodity and futures funds, industry-specific funds, and funds-of-funds.
Graystones's Tax Planning group, with our lawyers we provides advice on a wide range of corporate and partnership transactions, including mergers and acquisitions, leveraged buyouts, investments, debt and equity raises, fund formation, real estate development and joint venture transactions, and financings. Our team coordinates tax, corporate and legal planning for companies, banks, investment funds, private equity firms and families in the United States, Europe and throughout the world.
We take into account business needs, reporting required for generally accepted accounting principles, corporate and securities law issues, and regulatory matters. We become involved in private equity and venture capital transactions at an early stage to evaluate the tax and other legal implications of such transactions. We assess both the intended and unexpected potential tax consequences and risks of new financial products to structure transactions for companies and individuals. We efficiently address the tax consequences for mergers and acquisitions, and represent both founders and investors in structuring domestic and multinational start-up businesses and venture capital investments to take advantage of the many benefits offered by tax laws. Our team develops creative solutions for the tax issues associated with capital market or financial endeavors to ensure that the structures work for our clients. We structure real estate investment trusts (REITs), umbrella partnership real estate investment trusts (UPREITs), real estate mortgage investment conduits (REMICs) and real estate workout transactions to maximize the after-tax results of an investment.
Our Tax Controversy and Litigation attorneys work to save clients from large proposed tax liabilities by winning tax issues at trial, and even prevent charges from being filed against our clients in civil or criminal accusations or tax fraud indictments. If necessary, we litigate issues in the US Tax Court, the US District Court or the Federal Court of Claims. From capital markets to real estate, Graystone's Tax Planning group offers buyers, sellers and investors proficient, creative tax advice and planning consistent with their business plans and fiscal goals.
Graystones's nationally recognized Environmental and Workplace Safety team represents major companies in a wide range of industry sectors, including oil and gas, energy (onshore and offshore), chemical, biofuels, maritime and others on environmental incidents and health and safety matters. We also represent companies and individuals when they face civil enforcement actions and criminal investigations for environmental, health, or safety issues. For some of our clients our engagement begins with compliance counseling and other proactive risk management activities, and for others we are the first call when an incident occurs or a subpoena is received.
Our practice combines the full spectrum of capabilities relevant to environmental and workplace safety incidents:
- Sophisticated on-the-ground incident response, and strategic advice for company executives and attorneys.
- Deep knowledge of federal, state and local enforcement agencies.
- The investigatory and enforcement experience of former federal environmental prosecutors on both civil enforcement matters and environmental crimes, and.
- frequent counseling on workplace safety issues arising from incidents or inspections..
We provide value for our clients by bringing together practitioners whose strengths complement each other. The foundation of our services is our understanding of the complex regulatory and technical issues that arise in various industry sectors. We apply our deep experience in:
- Crisis management,.
- Internal investigations,.
- Administrative proceedings,
- Enforcement actions and other government inquiries, and.
- Civil and criminal litigation.
Our Lawyers represent clients in matters involving federal government and state agencies. Our team prides itself on helping companies creatively manage complex issues involving multiple stakeholders. In the event of an environmental or workplace safety incident, our team is among the first on the ground and coordinates responses of employees, in-house counsel, facility engineers and operators. Graystone lawyers are at the forefront of emerging process safety issues and our team provides ongoing counsel to clients on process safety and other occupational health and safety matters. our Environmental and Workplace Safety litigators focus exclusively on environmental cases and spend much of their time on criminal matters. our team is well situated to conduct internal investigations and respond to criminal charges by the government on environmental and safety issues.
Additionally, our team relies upon our regulatory and transactional capabilities to support other client needs, such as discrete regulatory projects—identifying and addressing the range of environmental issues, potential liabilities and operational constraints in transactions, and advising commercial developers, builders, owners and development lenders in connection with environmentally challenged properties. More than just lawyers, we view ourselves as strategic partners to our clients, thinking about their business holistically and protecting their interests accordingly. We understand that the experience our clients have working with us is of the utmost importance. How we deliver our service is as essential as the service itself and we take a collaborative approach with our clients to be responsive to the needs of each situation.
In areas of Government and Public Finance, Our lawyers serve as bond counsel to state, county and municipal governments, their agencies and authorities, and school and other special-purpose districts throughout Nigeria. We represent borrowers of tax-exempt bond proceeds and banks that provide liquidity or credit while also serving as special tax counsel. Our utility clients include large, joint-action agencies as well as municipal utilities, including wind, electric power, gas, and water and sewerage systems. National and regional investment banking firms and institutional lenders engage us in connection with the underwriting or direct purchase of municipal securities. Long-term care facilities, health systems and medical centers benefit from our active role in taxable and tax-exempt financing throughout the United States. We have also worked on several large public-private partnership transactions involving parking facilities, highways, bridges, utility systems and airports.
Our team regularly partners with our clients to provide new financing techniques to meet their changing needs, including derivative products, sales of redemption rights, forward-purchase agreements and portfolio substitutions, bond bank programs and split delivery transactions. Clients seek us out for our experience in the area of tax-exempt financing for airports, stadiums, health care and cultural facilities and utility systems. Our attorneys serve as underwriter's counsel, bond counsel and borrower's counsel to health care institutions, hospital systems, charter schools and nonprofit cultural institutions. Through the efforts of attorneys who devote their full time to public finance, the Government and Public Finance practice is able to serve our clients in tax controversies with the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) and in investigations and enforcement proceedings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).
At Graystone will represent public and private companies and other business organizations in every major industry in cases ranging from contract disputes and regulatory matters, to class action lawsuits, antitrust matters and other complex commercial and criminal litigation. Graystone Lawyers have the depth and experience to handle, and if necessary, to litigate through appeal, virtually any type of case. We regularly try "bet the company" cases to verdict and appear in federal and state courts across the nation at the trial and appellate levels, before arbitration tribunals and administrative law judges, and in specialty courts.
Clients benefit from the experience of our collegues who have held positions at the Nigeria Department of Justice, the Attorney's Office, the Nigeria Securities and Exchange Commission and other government agencies and prosecutors' offices at both the state and federal levels across the country. Our team adeptly handles the many risks, investigations, government inquiries and proceedings that accompany large cases, and guides clients through the resulting parallel and complex proceedings. We act as national or regional counsel for clients, coordinating closely with local and other outside counsel to bring the best possible conclusion to complex and multiple jurisdiction actions.
Clients also count on our substantial appellate experience, whether we are handling an appeal from our own litigation efforts, or have been hired to sustain a lower court victory or obtain a reversal of an adverse judgment. Our appellate litigators are fully integrated members of our trial teams, drafting critical motions and advising on how best to position our clients' cases for success on appeal. In addition to being a "go to" litigation firm at the trial and appellate levels, we offer substantial experience in alternative dispute resolution. Recognizing that sometimes the best possible resolution is something short of a trial, we provide effective representation in mediations, arbitrations, neutral panels and other ADR proceedings, and implement litigation strategies that include potential ADR solutions. Graystone's Litigation practice has earned top recognition for its track record of success, but we believe our litigation victories must provide value and long-term benefit to our clients. This makes us better business partners in the long run, and more successful advocates for matters on the immediate horizon.
Graystone's Intellectual Property team provides a complete range of services for domestic and international clients in all major industries seeking to protect and benefit from their intellectual property and to defend claims asserted by others. Inventors and corporations alike turn to us for counsel regarding their innovations in biotechnology and life sciences, electrical and electronic systems, computer hardware and software, e-commerce and business methods, telecommunications, product design, and mechanical systems.
Graystone's seasoned lawyers develop, enforce, protect and defend our clients' patent, trademark, copyright and trade secret rights in jurisdictions across the Nigeria and abroad. Our Intellectual Property team partners with clients to develop global strategies and programs to safeguard and maximize the value of their intellectual property, and to audit their intellectual property assets, including domestic and international licensing and transfers of technology, to ensure that these assets are correctly identified and properly protected. We manage our clients' intellectual property portfolios, including registration and enforcement of patents, trademarks and copyrights worldwide, and administration of intellectual property agreements. Additionally, we have considerable experience representing clients in high-profile lawsuits when their most valuable intellectual property is at stake.
With deep experience in mergers, acquisitions, leveraged buyouts, venture capital investments, joint ventures and other strategic alliances, our transactional attorneys identify and evaluate the intellectual property rights and technology involved in business transactions; structure the transfer, protection and licensing of these assets; and develop long-term strategies to maximize their value. We also provide guidance on new media and emerging rights, and claims involving social media, cyber torts, computer fraud, keyword advertising, pricing and the First Amendment. We ensure the continued goodwill of a brand, or effectively defending or prosecuting claims, clients can rely on Graystone to help them protect, manage and capitalize on their intellectual property throughout the world.
Graystone finds creative and practical solutions for owners, lenders, developers, fund sponsors and investors in the acquisition, financing, leasing, operation, restructuring and disposition of all types of real estate in Nigeria and in international markets. We assist domestic and international residential and commercial developers, investors and syndicators, as well as construction and permanent lenders, with structuring, negotiating and financing various development projects, such as retail, office, resorts and recreational properties, and sports complexes and arenas. Our financing work covers all asset types, from office, retail and hotel to industrial, residential and multifamily to resort and agricultural. Our lender clients include banks, insurance companies, mortgage companies, CMBS originators and CDOs that provide debt capital secured by real estate assets.
In addition, the firm represents various lenders with respect to the whole loan sales securitization and servicing of such financings. We are at the forefront of the growth of private equity for real estate, representing institutional real estate investors, including pension funds and their advisors, specialized real estate investment trusts (REITs), and funds. Our team provides comprehensive representation to active and passive investors in private equity arrangements. By representing both sponsors of, and investors in, real estate funds, we are able to provide unique insight on key deal terms and market trends.
Graystone has one of the largest and most sophisticated real estate practices in Nigeria, providing the legal advice, industry-focused experience and business savvy necessary for success in today's rapidly changing real estate and capital markets. Our integrated team of insolvency, tax, litigation, corporate, securities and public finance professionals provides a full range of transactional and dispute resolution services.
A leader in transactional real estate, we manage each transaction based on our understanding of our clients' business objectives, our knowledge of applicable laws and customs and our foresight into industry trends. Graystone Lwayers are experienced in all classes of debt financings, leasing, acquisitions, sales, development, fund formation, private equity and joint ventures, REIT formation, securitizations, cross-border transactions, recapitalizations, workouts and restructurings. Our familiarity with foreign legal requirements enables us to lead all types of international real estate transactions and financing, and to coordinate any Nigeria tax and regulatory compliance that may be necessary.
Graystone's real estate litigators blend a broad knowledge of real estate law and business practice with well-honed skills in litigation and alternative dispute resolution. Our team counsels clients in many disparate areas, including finance, development and construction, landlord-tenant relations and brokerage, purchase and sale transactions, and governance and organization.